Screening for Smoking in a General Hospital: Scale Validation, Indicators of Prevalence, and Comorbidity


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Abstract

PURPOSE:The study aims to conduct a psychometric study of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and to assess the prevalence, sociodemographic profile, and psychiatric comorbidities of smokers in a general hospital.DESIGN AND METHODS:Two hundred sixty-four inpatients were elegible for inclusion in the study and assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV (Module E), Patient Health Questionnaire, Fast Alcohol Screening Test, and FTND.FINDINGS:The cut-off note two of the FTND is the most adequate to identify tobacco abuse/dependence (sensibility: 0.59–0.76). The reliability was estimated to be 0.68–0.96. A 44% rate of tobacco abuser/dependent patients was detected, with a 28% rate of psychiatric comorbidity.PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:Detection of the smoking habits at the time of hospitalization can be opportune, favoring the planning and the beginning of treatment.

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