Sequencing and biological effects of an adipokinetic/hypertrehalosemic peptide in the stick insect,Baculum extradentatum

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The corpora cardiaca of the Vietnamese stick insect, Baculum extradentatum, contain a member of the adipokinetic hormone/red pigment-concentrating hormone/hypertrehalosemic hormone (AKH/RPCH/HrTH) family of peptides whose sequence is identical to that originally described for the Indian stick insect, Carausius morosus. This decapeptide, Carmo-HrTH-II (pELTFTPNWGTa), has both hypertrehalosemic and cardioacceleratory activity in B. extradentatum, and hyperlipaemic activity in locusts. Reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) of corpora cardiaca extract followed by MALDI-TOF MS/MS also revealed a novel modification of a second peptide in B. extradentatum: the tryptophan residue at position 8 is post-translationally modified to kynurenine.

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