LmrBPP9: A synthetic bradykinin-potentiating peptide fromLachesis muta rhombeatavenom that inhibits the angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in vitro and reduces the blood pressure of hypertensive rats

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HIGHLIGHTSLachesis muta rhombeata venom has several compounds with ACE-inhibitory activity.BPPs may play a key role in the envenoming by this species.LmrBPP9 presents ACE-inhibition activity in vitro.LmrBPP9 shows hypotensive effect in hypertensive 2K1C rats.LmrBPP9 has a potential to be a model for the development of new hypotensive drugs.Bradykinin-potentiating peptides (BPPs) are an important group of toxins present in Lachesis muta rhombeata venom. They act directly at renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, through the inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). This action may contribute to the hypotensive shock observed during the envenoming by this species. Thus, the main goal of this study was the solid-phase synthesis of a BPP found in L. m. rhombeata venom and its in vitro and in vivo characterization in relation to ACE inhibition and hypotensive activity, respectively. The LmrBPP9 peptide was synthesized using an automated solid-phase peptide synthesizer and purified by reversed-phase fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC). The in vitro IC50 of the synthetic peptide is 4.25±0.10μM, showing a great capacity of ACE inhibition. The in vivo studies showed that LmrBPP9 induces blood pressure reduction, both in normotensive and hypertensive rats, being more pronounced in the last ones. These results agree with the in vitro results, showing that the synthetic peptide LmrBPP9 is a potential molecule to the development of a new antihypertensive drug.

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