|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Peptide stapling of the neuropeptide orexin-A15–33 lowers the potency significantly.The peptide C-terminus is crucial for activity, and modifications were not allowed.Central and N-terminal modifications yielded bioactive peptides.The peptides orexin-A and −B, the endogenous agonists of the orexin receptors, have similar 19-amino-acid C-termini which retain full maximum response as truncated peptides with only marginally reduced potency, while further N-terminal truncations successively reduce the activity. The peptides have been suggested to bind in an α-helical conformation, and truncation beyond a certain critical length is likely to disrupt the overall helical structure. In this study, we set out to stabilize the α-helical conformation of orexin-A15–33 via peptide stapling at four different sites. At a suggested hinge region, we varied the length of the cross-linker as well as replaced the staple with two α-aminoisobutyric acid residues. Modifications close to the peptide C-terminus, which is crucial for activity, were not allowed. However, central and N-terminal modifications yielded bioactive peptides, albeit with decreased potencies. This provides evidence that the orexin receptors can accommodate and be activated by α-helical peptides. The decrease in potency is likely linked to a stabilization of suboptimal peptide conformation or blocking of peptide backbone–receptor interactions at the hinge region by the helical stabilization or the modified amino acids.