Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) action in the mouse area postrema neurons

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Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a peptide hormone and member of the incretin family. GLP-1 related drugs, such as liraglutide, are widely used to treat diabetic patients and work by stimulating pancreatic β cells to increase glucose-dependent insulin secretion. However, extrapancreatic effects, such as appetite suppression or emesis, are observed in response to GLP-1 receptor agonists. In this study we used the in vitro patch-clamp method in acute brainstem preparations of mice and demonstrated that GLP-1 acts directly on area postrema neurons. It is known that activation of the area postrema is related to the induction of homeostatic autonomic nervous systems, including nausea. Approximately,half of the neurons tested in the area postrema were excited by GLP-1 in the presence of tetrodotoxin, and is thought to be through adenylate cyclase-cAMP pathways. Excitation was not frequently observed in nucleus tractus solitaries neurons or in area postrema neurons from GLP-1 receptor knock-out mice. These results indicate that GLP-1 receptor agonists excite area postrema neurons and potentially leading to the expression of extra-pancreatic effects. This is the first study to show that GLP-1 directly activates area postrema neurons.

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