Nitazoxanide or CD3+/CD4+ lymphocytes for recovery from severe Cryptosporidium infection after allogeneic bone marrow transplant?

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Abstract

We describe a case of Cryptosporidium infection occurring in a child after allogeneic SCT for acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. This patient presented an intestinal, biliar, and pancreatic Cryptosporidium disease associated with an intestinal aGvHD. The increase in CD3+/CD4+ cells secondary to the reduction of steroid therapy associated with the improvement of aGvHD and the use of antiparasitic treatments (especially nitazoxanide) improved the infection-related symptoms and led to a complete clearance of the Cryptosporidium.

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