CYP3A4*22andCYP3Acombined genotypes both correlate with tacrolimus disposition in pediatric heart transplant recipients

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Abstract

Background:

Tacrolimus metabolism depends on CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. We aimed to determine the relationship between the CYP3A4*22 polymorphism and combined CYP3A genotypes with tacrolimus disposition in pediatric heart transplant recipients.

Methods:

Sixty pediatric heart transplant recipients were included. Tacrolimus doses and trough concentrations were collected in the first 14 days post-transplantation. CYP3A phenotypes were defined as extensive (CYP3A5*1 + CYP3A4*1/*1 carriers), intermediate (CYP3A5*3/*3 + CYP3A4*1/*1 carriers) or poor (CYP3A5*3/*3 + CYP3A4*22 carriers) metabolizers.

Results:

CYP3A4*22 carriers needed 30% less tacrolimus (p = 0.016) to reach similar target concentrations compared with CYP3A4*1/*1 (n = 56) carriers. Poor CYP3A metabolizers required 17% (p = 0.023) less tacrolimus than intermediate and 48% less (p < 0.0001) than extensive metabolizers. Poor metabolizers showed 18% higher dose-adjusted concentrations than intermediate (p = 0.35) and 193% higher than extensive metabolizers (p < 0.0001).

Conclusion:

Analysis of CYP3A4*22, either alone or in combination with CYP3A5*3, may help towards individualization of tacrolimus therapy in pediatric heart transplant patients.

Conclusion:

Original submitted 7 January 2013; Revision submitted 10 April 2013

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