Management of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: Treatment, Controversy, and Future Directions

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Acute decompensated heart failure is a growing public health care problem worldwide. The goals of treatment are immediate hemodynamic and symptomatic improvement followed by persistent follow-up with adherence to chronic heart failure guidelines. Controversies have centered around the best treatment options and avoidance of serious adverse events. This article highlights our current understanding of acute decompensated heart failure, discusses the controversy surrounding currently available new vasoactive treatments, and details future potential therapies.

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