The mechanistic effects of intravenous glucose, insulin and potassium (GIK) in cardiac ischemia are not well understood. We conducted a genetic sub-study of the Immediate Myocardial Metabolic Enhancement During Initial Assessment and Treatment in Emergency care (IMMEDIATE) Trial to explore effects of common and rare glucose and insulin-related genetic loci on initial to 6-h and 6- to 12-h change in plasma glucose and potassium. We identified 27 NOTCH2/ADAM30 and 8 C2CD4B variants conferring a 40-57% increase in glucose during the first 6 h of infusion (P < 5.96 × 10− 6). Significant associations were also found for ABCB11 and SLC30A8 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and glucose responses, and an SEC61A2 SNP with a potassium response to GIK. These studies identify genetic factors that may impact the metabolic response to GIK, which could influence treatment benefits in the setting of acute coronary syndromes (ACS).