Putative involvement of the nitrergic system on the consolidation, but not initiation, of behavioral sensitization after conspecific alarm substance in zebrafish

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Stressful manipulations can sensitize the behavior of an organism, increasing anxiety-like behavior after a delay; this long-term stress sensitization can represent the pathophysiological basis of trauma- and stress-related disorders (TRSDs), of which the most prevalent is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A role for the glutamate–nitric oxide pathway in this sensitization is implied by behavioral, neurophysiological and genomic data on different species. Here, we report on the long-term sensitization of anxiety-like behavior in zebrafish and the possible participation of nitric oxide in this process. Zebrafish exposed to a conspecific alarm substance (AS) show increased anxiety-like behavior at least 24 h after stimulus delivery. Blocking nitric oxide synthesis with l-NAME (5 mg/kg) 30 min, but not 90 min, after AS exposure blocks the sensitization of scototaxis and risk assessment, while treatment 90 min after exposure blocks the sensitization of thigmotaxis and erratic swimming; l-NAME was not effective when administered 30 min before AS exposure. These data suggest a participation of nitric oxide in the consolidation, but not in the initiation, of behavioral sensitization after predator threat.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles