The influence of CYP2C19*2 and *17 on on-treatment platelet reactivity and bleeding events in patients undergoing elective coronary stenting

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Abstract

Objectives

To investigate the impact of genotypes on the basis of the loss-of-function variant CYP2C19*2 and the gain-of-function variant CYP2C19*17 on on-treatment platelet reactivity and on the occurrence of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleedings in 820 clopidogrel-treated patients who underwent elective coronary stenting.

Methods

On-treatment platelet reactivity was quantified using ADP-induced light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) and the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay. Postdischarge TIMI major bleedings within 1 year after enrollment were recorded.

Results

In total, 25 major bleedings (3.0% of the study population) were observed. Patients with the CYP2C19*1/*17 and *17/*17 diplotypes exhibited a lower magnitude of platelet reactivity as compared with patients with the CYP2C19*1/*1 diplotype (for the light transmittance aggregometry-adjusted mean difference: −5.8%, 95% confidence interval: −9.6 to −2.1, P=0.002). Patients with the *1/*17 and *17/*17 genotype had a 2.7-fold increased risk in the occurrence of major bleedings [adjusted hazard ratio: 2.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.1–7.0, P=0.039]. The diplotypes *2/*17, *1/*2, and *2/*2 exhibited higher on-treatment platelet reactivity as compared with the wild type (P<0.0001). However, this was not translated into an altered risk on major bleedings as compared with the wild type [hazard ratio: 1.3 (0.45–4.0), P=0.60]. Results have not been adjusted for multiple testing.

Conclusion

Patients with the CYP2C19*1/*17 and *17/*17 diplotype have a lower magnitude of on-treatment platelet reactivity and are at a 2.7-fold increased risk of postdischarge TIMI major bleeding events after coronary stenting than patients with the *1/*1 genotype. The diplotypes *2/*17, *1/*2, and *2/*2 are associated with increased on-treatment platelet reactivity; however, this is not translated into a lower risk of bleeding events.

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