Taxanes and anthracyclines are widely used in the treatment of breast cancer, although the benefit is limited to a proportion of patients and predictive biomarkers for clinical outcome remain elusive.Patients and methods
We carried out a pharmacogenetic study in 181 patients with locally advanced breast cancer enrolled in a phase 2 randomized clinical trial (NCT00123929), where patients were randomly assigned to receive neoadjuvant single-agent docetaxel 100 mg/m2 (n=84) or doxorubicin 75 mg/m2 (n=97). We studied the association of 226 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 15 key drug biotransformation genes with neoadjuvant pathological tumor response residual cancer burden index to docetaxel and to doxorubicin.Results
We identified a significant association for rs162561, an intronic SNP located in the cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily B member 1 (CYP1B1) gene, with tumor response in patients treated with single-agent docetaxel (dominant model: β=1.02, 95% confidence interval=0.49–1.55; P=1.77×10−4), and for rs717620, an SNP located in the promoter of the ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 2 (ABCC2) gene, in patients treated with neoadjuvant doxorubicin (recessive model: β=1.67; 95% confidence interval=0.26–3.11; P=0.02).Conclusion
We identified two polymorphisms in CYP1B1 and ABCC2 associated with tumor pathological response following docetaxel or doxorubicin neoadjuvant monotherapy, respectively. Although further validation is required, these variants could be potential predictive genetic markers for treatment outcome in breast cancer patients.