Isolated popliteal venous entrapment is unusual and often caused by variation or aberrant origins of the gastrocnemius muscle, thickened perivenous fascia or an abnormal vascular bundle. We report a unique case of a fit and well 35-year-old man with popliteal venous entrapment after presenting to the vascular unit with symptomatic varicose veins. The cause of the entrapment was found to be an aberrant medial sural artery on operative exploration. The artery was ligated, releasing the entrapped vein. The patient made an uneventful recovery with resolution of symptoms of venous insufficiency without evidence of muscle ischaemia.