Endovenous laser treatment of groin and popliteal varicose veins recurrence

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Abstract

Objectives

Recurrent varicose veins following surgery is a common, complex and costly problem in vascular surgery. Treatment for RVV is technically more difficult to perform and patient satisfaction is poorer than after primary interventions. Nevertheless, traditional vein surgery has largely been replaced by percutaneous office-based procedures, and the patients with recurrent varicose veins have not benefited from the same advantages. In this paper, we propose an endovascular laser treatment that allows reducing the invasiveness and complications in case of SFJ and SPJ reflux after ligation and stripping of the great and small saphenous vein.

Methods

8 SFJ and 1 SPJ stumps were treated by endovascular laser treatment in out-patient clinic. Endovascular laser treatment was performed with a 1470 nm diode laser and a 400 µc radial slim™ fiber. Intraoperative ultrasoud was used to guide the fiber position and the delivery of tumescent anesthesia. The gravity of chronic venous disease was determined according to the CEAP classification and the severity of symptoms was scored according to the revised Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS).

Results

The average linear endovenous energy density was 237 J/cm. Patients return to daily activities after a mean of 1.9 days after. The VCSS improved drastically from a mean of 8 pre-interventional to 1 at day 30 and until one year. During the follow-up period (mean 8 months, range: 5–17 months), all the stumps except one were occluded. All patients were very satisfied or satisfied with the method. No severe complications occurred.

Conclusions

Office-based endovascular laser treatment of groin and popliteal recurrent varicose veins with 1470 nm diode laser and radial-slim fiber is a safe and highly effective option, with a high success rate in the early post-operative period.

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