Long-term quality of life and postthrombotic syndrome in women after an episode of venous thromboembolism

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Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate health-related quality of life after venous thromboembolism.

Methods

We conducted a cohort study, TEHS follow-up, including 1040 women with a first episode of venous thromboembolism and 994 women unexposed to venous thromboembolism. Patients were recruited from the “Thrombo Embolism Hormonal Study” (TEHS), a Swedish nation-wide case–control study on risk factors for venous thromboembolism in women 18–64 years of age. Quality of life was measured using SF-36 and VEINES-QoL/VEINES-Sym.

Results

On average there were no difference in mean SF-36 summary scales scores between exposed and unexposed women. Twenty percent of exposed women developed postthrombotic syndrome during follow-up. Women with postthrombotic syndrome had severely impaired quality of life with lower scores on all scales. Other predictors of low quality of life after venous thromboembolism were age, obesity, physical inactivity, and recurrent venous thromboembolism.

Conclusion

Long-term quality of life after venous thromboembolism in women was severely impaired among those developing postthrombotic syndrome, while quality of life in women not developing postthrombotic syndrome was similar to a control population.

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