Optimal sizing of iliac vein stents

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Abstract

Background

Iliac vein stenting has emerged as a therapeutic option in chronic venous disease. The optimal stent size is unknown but should match normal caliber at a minimum.

Methods

Teleology: The iliac-femoral outflow caliber was measured by Duplex in healthy volunteers to determine normal caliber. Patient IVUS data: The distribution curve of IVUS planimetry data in 345 chronic venous disease limbs was analyzed: values at the right tail end of the curve should approach normal values according to distribution theory. The optimal stent size was also projected using Poiseuille equation and Young’s scaling rule.

Results

The optimal stent sizes in the common iliac, external iliac, and common femoral vein segments are: 16, 14, and 12 mm diameters, respectively.

Conclusion

Stent correction of iliac vein stenosis should aim to restore the lumen to the minimum recommended caliber during the initial procedure and later re-interventions.

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