Sun protection factor persistence during a day with physical activity and bathing

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Abstract

Background/purpose

The persistence of sunscreens during a day with physical activity and bathing is often debated. We wished to examine the durability of the protection achieved by one sunscreen application.

Methods

Seven areas were marked on the back of 24 volunteers. One area was phototested to determine UV sensitivity. Six areas were treated with either an organic or an inorganic sunscreen (2 mg/cm2). The participants performed physical activities, were exposed to a hot environment and bathing during 8 h and were phototested with ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation 30 min, 4 and 8 h after sunscreen application. The minimal erythema dose (MED) was determined 24 h after irradiation. The sun protection factor (SPF) was calculated, as MED on protected skin/MED on unprotected skin.

Results

The SPFs of the inorganic and organic sunscreen, respectively, were reduced by 38% and 41% after 4 h and by 55% and 58% after 8 h.

Conclusion

One application of either an inorganic or an organic sunscreen reduced the erythema caused by UVB during a day with physical activity and bathing. After 8 h the sunscreens still provided approximately 43% of the initial protective effect. This might simulate what happens during a day at the beach.

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