Inhibition of Nicotinic Responses by Cotinine in Bovine Adrenal Chromaffin Cells

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



We studied the effects of cotinine, the major metabolite of nicotine, on nicotine-induced increase in [3H]phorbol dibutyrate binding, activation of protein kinase C and [3H]noradrenaline release in primary cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Cotinine (1 mM, 15 min.) and nicotine (10 μM, 5 min.) increased the [3H]phorbol binding by 100% and 150%, respectively. Both a short-term (10 min.) and a long-term (24 hr) pretreatment with cotinine inhibited the effect of nicotine. A 24 hr pretreatment with cotinine (1 mM) also reduced the nicotine-induced increase in membrane-bound protein kinase C activity. Cotinine pretreatment (10 min.) dose-dependently inhibited the release of [3H]noradrenaline induced by nicotine and dimethylphenylpiperazinium. Cotinine pretreatment did not reduce the [3H]noradrenaline release induced by high extracellular potassium (56 mM) or veratrine (10 mg l−1). The results indicate that cotinine inhibits activation of protein kinase C and noradrenaline release induced by nicotinic agonists in primary cultures of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. The results suggest that pre-existing cotinine could modify responses to acute exposure to nicotine in neural systems.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles