We have studied the bronchoconstriction and the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity induced by perfusion of pH6 buffer in the isolated guinea-pig perfused lung. Both bronchoconstriction and peptide release were completely abolished after systemic capsaicin pretreatment. Ca2+-free pH6 buffer infusion also completely inhibited the bronchial response, whereas the calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity overflow was significantly reduced. ω-Conotoxine and ω-agatoxin IVA known as N-, L- and P-type Ca2+ channel blocker, respectively, and the Na+ channel blocker tetrodotoxin decreased significantly the pH6-induced bronchial response and calcitonin gene-related peptide like immunoreactivity overflow. Nifedipine was without influence suggesting the involvement of both P- and N-type Ca2+ channel as well as the activation of an axon reflex. Ruthenium red had a more pronounced reduction effect on the functional response than on the peptide release. Ryanodine and caffeine are both agents known to influence Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum. Ryanodine significantly reduced both bronchoconstriction and calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity overflow. Caffeine as well as theophylline and the Na+-H+ blocker, dimethylamiloride, largely depressed the functional response while producing a significant increase of calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity basal value. The pH6-induced peptide overflow was slightly inhibited after caffeine and dimethylamiloride pre-treatment whereas no significant change was observed after theophylline. It is concluded that multiple ion channels including different type of Ca2+ channels appear to participate in pH6-induced bronchoconstriction and calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity release in the guinea-pig lung.