An unusual new phenolic component, triticumoside (1), and eight known compounds, isoorientin (2), isoscoparin (3), (2R)-2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-4,7-dimethoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one (4), adenosine (5), β-sitosterol (6), daucosterol (7), 6′-O-linolenoyl daucosterol (8), α-tocopherol (9), were isolated from Triticum aestivum sprouts. The hybrid structure of 1, which is a hybrid between a flavone and a polyoxygenated benzene, is rarely found in natural sources. In addition, the effects of these compounds on LPS-induced NO and TNF-α production in RAW 264.7 cells were evaluated. At a concentration of 2.0 μM, compounds 2–4 significantly inhibited the production of both NO and TNF-α. Compound 1 exhibited inhibitory activity on the secretion of TNF-α at concentrations as low as 2.0 μM, but it did not reduce NO levels at any of the tested concentrations. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.