The Anti-Osteoporosis and Antioxidant Activities of Chemical Constituents fromChrysanthemum indicumFlowers

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Abstract

Two new compounds, chrysinoneside A (1) and (−)-trans-chrysanthenol-6-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), along with 17 known compounds (3–19) were isolated fromChrysanthemum indicumflowers. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of various fractions were determined. The EtOAC fraction had the highest total phenolic content (525.84 ± 23.51 mg GAE/g DR) and the total flavonoid content (63.49 ± 3.32 mg QE/g DR). The EtOAc and water fractions showed the greatest peroxyl radical-scavenging capacity and the ability to reduce Cu(I) ions, with ORAC and CUPRAC values ranging from 24.00 ± 0.44 to 28.06 ± 1.35 and 16.90 ± 0.51 to 49.77 ± 0.97 μM, respectively. Compounds 5–11, 18, and 19 displayed strong effects in both peroxyl radical-scavenging and reducing capacity assays at a concentration of 10 μM. The anti-osteoporosis activity of these compounds was also evaluated. Compounds 10, 13, and 19 exhibited the most potent tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity in receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastic RAW 264.7 cells with values of 105.95 ± 1.18, 110.32 ± 3.95, and 112.58 ± 6.42%, respectively. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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