Safety and immunogenicity of a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated polio vaccine-Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine administered at 2-4-6-13 or 3-5-12 months of age

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Abstract

Methods.

In an open randomized study we compared the safety and immunogenicity of two schedules for priming and booster vaccinations of infants. A pentavalent combination vaccine, including a lyophilized Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine reconstituted with a liquid diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (pertussis toxoid and filamentous hemagglutinin) and inactivated polio vaccine (DTaP-IPV/Act-HIB®; Pasteur Mérieux Connaught, Lyon, France) was administered to 236 Swedish infants either at 2, 4 and 6 months or at 3 and 5 months, and a booster dose was administered 7 months after the last primary dose. Adverse events were monitored by diaries for 3 days after each vaccination and by questions at the ensuing visits. Antibodies against the different vaccine components were analyzed after the primary series of vaccinations, before and after the booster injections.

Results.

There were no serious adverse reactions, and the rates of febrile events and local reactions were low in both groups. The three dose primary schedule induced higher geometric mean concentrations for all antigens than did the two dose schedule, but there were no differences between the groups in proportions with protective antibody titers against diphtheria, tetanus, Hib and polio or in proportions with certain defined levels of pertussis antibodies. Prebooster results showed a similar pattern, with the exception that the group primed with three injections showed higher proportions of infants with detectable antibodies against polio-virus types 1 and 3. After booster vaccinations there were no differences between the two schedules in geometric mean or in proportions with antibodies above defined antibody concentrations, indicating effective priming from both primary series of vaccinations.

Conclusion.

The combined vaccine DTaP-IPV/Act-HIB® vaccine was equally safe and immunogenic when administered according to both time schedules studied.

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