Proinflammatory Cytokines in Cerebrospinal Fluid From Patients With Nontyphoidal Salmonella Encephalopathy

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Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) encephalopathy is characterized by rapidly progressive brain dysfunction that develops after NTS enteritis. The mechanism of central nervous system involvement remains unclear. We examined cerebrospinal fluids from 7 patients for cytokines and found elevated interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 concentrations in all the patients, suggesting that the proinflammatory cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of NTS encephalopathy.

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