Nosocomial Rhinovirus Infection in Preterm Infants

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During 11 months, all preterm infants admitted to our neonatal care facility with suspected respiratory tract infection were screened for respiratory viruses by polymerase chain reaction. Rhinovirus infection was identified in 16 infants, leading to severe respiratory compromise in most cases. Distribution of rhinovirus infections during the year showed a strong clustering trend, suggesting a major role for nosocomial transmission.

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