Secondary Bacteremia in Rotavirus Gastroenteritis

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of secondary bacteremia in children with rotavirus gastroenteritis and persistence or reemergence of fever. We identified 376 children with a mean of age of 14.2 ± 10.1 months. A significant pathogen was isolated from blood cultures in 5 patients [Enterococcus faecium (n = 1), Klebsiella spp (n = 1), Staphylococcus aureus (n = 1), Raoultella planticola (n = 1), Candida albicans (n = 1); 1.3%]. The frequency of secondary bacteremia in children with rotavirus gastroenteritis is low, but it should be considered when there is fever lasting >48 hours or reemergence of fever.

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