Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is a key cytokine in defense against mycobacteria, including Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-recognizing molecules of innate immunity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between polymorphisms in MBL, TLR1, TLR2 and TLR6 encoding genes and stimulated IFN-γ and interleukin-12 (IL-12) ex vivo production in BCG osteitis survivors.Methods:
Data on single nucleotide polymorphisms in the MBL2 gene and TLR1, TLR2 and TLR6 genes were available from 132 former BCG osteitis patients, and data on ex vivo IFN-γ and IL-12 production were available from 115 and 118 patients, respectively. The present study is a secondary analysis of these available data. In an earlier study, we were able to characterize low IFN-γ and low IL-12 producers after BCG+IL-12 or BCG+IFN-γ stimulations, respectively.Results:
Three patients had the homozygous variant MBL2 genotype, and one of them was a low IFN-γ producer (both concentration and response <5th percentile). The heterozygous variant MBL2 genotype showed no association with IFN-γ or IL-12 production. The TLR2 variant genotype was present in 14 subjects; 28.6% of them were low IFN-γ producers versus 7.8% of those 103 with the TLR2 wild genotype (P = 0.037). TLR1 or TLR6 polymorphisms had no significant associations with stimulated ex vivo IFN-γ or IL-12 production.Conclusions:
Preliminary evidence was found that variant genotypes of the MBL2 gene (if homozygous) and variant genotypes of the TLR2 gene (only heterozygotes present) are associated with low IFN-γ production.