Clinical Significance of Interleukin-6 in the Diagnosis of Sepsis and Discriminating Sepsis Induced by Gram-negative Bacteria

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Abstract

Background:

To discuss the clinical significance of interleukin (IL)-6 in the differential diagnosis of sepsis and its capability of differentiating the sepsis induced by Gram-negative bacteria from that induced by Gram-positive bacteria.

Methods:

A total of 379 children with sepsis were involved in this study to form the case group, and their C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and IL-6 levels before antibiotics and after recovery were checked. Receiver operating characteristic curve was applied to evaluate the significance of CRP, PCT and IL-6 in the differential diagnosis of sepsis and their capability of differentiating the sepsis induced by Gram-negative bacteria from that induced by Gram-positive bacteria.

Results:

When these 3 indicators were applied to the differential diagnosis of sepsis, the area under the curve (AUC) of IL-6, PCT and CRP was 0.881, 0.877 and 0.754, respectively. The combination of IL-6 and PCT presented highest diagnostic efficiency. CRP, PCT and IL-6 levels in children with sepsis induced by Gram-negative bacteria were significantly higher than those in children with sepsis induced by Gram-positive bacteria.

Conclusions:

CRP, IL-6 and PCT are applicable to the differential diagnosis of sepsis and differentiating the sepsis induced by Gram-negative bacteria from Gram-positive bacteria. Appropriate combinations of these indicators are capable of increasing differential diagnosis efficiency. These indicators can be used as markers of antibiotics usage, but whether they can be used as markers to withdraw antibiotics is still needed to be observed.

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