Age of Infection with Kaposi Sarcoma–Associated Herpesvirus and Subsequent Antibody Values Among Children in Uganda

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We investigated associations between Kaposi sarcoma–associated herpesvirus (KSHV) seroconversion age and KSHV antibody values in Ugandan children. Every annual delay in KSHV seroconversion age was associated with a reduction of 19% (P < 0.0001) in K8.1 and 27% (P < 0.0001) in ORF73 antibody values at 6 years of age. Early infection may be an important risk factor for KSHV pathogenesis and viral shedding in saliva, leading to transmission.

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