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The objective of this study was to determine the effects of country liquor Toddy and its equivalent quantity of ethanol on lipid metabolism during gestation in rats. Female rats weighing an average of 125 g were exposed to Toddy (24.5 ml/body weight/day) and ethanol (0.52 ml/kg body weight/day) for 15 days before conception and throughout gestation. On the 19th day of gestation, altered liver function and hyperlipidemia was seen in both the treated groups. Altered liver function was evidenced by the increased activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase or aspartate amino transferase (GOT), glutamic pyruvic transaminase or alanine amino transferase (GPT) and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). Hyperlipidemia was caused by increased biosynthesis and decreased degradation of lipids. The incorporation of 14C acetate in lipids and activities of HMG CoA reductase and lipogenic enzymes were elevated and activity of LPL and bile acids contents were decreased. Toddy treated rats were more severely affected than those receiving an equivalent quantity of ethanol. Toddy seemed to potentiate the toxicity induced by alcohol indicating the role of the nonethanolic portion. Hepatic functions were also affected.