The 14-3-3 proteins associate with the plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase to generate a fusicoccin binding complex and a fusicoccin responsive system

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The plasma membrane H+-ATPase in higher plants has been implicated in nutrient uptake, phloem loading, elongation growth and establishment of turgor. Although a C-terminal regulatory domain has been identified, little is known about the physiological factors involved in controlling the activity of the enzyme. To identify components which play a role in the regulation of the plant H+-ATPase, a fusicoccin responsive yeast expressing Arabidopsis plasma membrane H+-ATPase AHA2 was employed. By testing the fusicoccin binding activity of yeast membranes, the C-terminal regulatory domain of AHA2 was found to be part of a functional fusicoccin receptor, a component of which was the 14-3-3 protein. ATP hydrolytic activity of AHA2 expressed in yeast internal membranes was activated by all tested isoforms of the 14-3-3 protein of yeast and Arabidopsis, but only in the presence of fusicoccin, and activation was prevented by a phosphoserine peptide representing a known 14-3-3 protein binding motif in Raf-1. The results demonstrate that the 14-3-3 protein is an activator molecule of the H+-ATPase and provides the first evidence of a protein involved in activation of plant plasma membrane H+-ATPase.

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