Isolation, characterization and immunolocalization of a novel, modular tomato arabinogalactan-protein corresponding to the LeAGP-1 gene

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SummaryArabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are a family of hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins implicated to function in plant growth and development. This report focuses on a novel, modular AGP found in tomato, LeAGP-1, which was predicted by DNA cloning and herein verified at the protein level as a major AGP component. LeAGP-1 was isolated from tomato suspension-cultured cells and verified to be an AGP by precipitation with (β-D-galactosyl)3 Yariv phenylglycoside and by amino acid composition analysis. Furthermore, LeAGP-1 was determined to correspond to LeAGP-1 clones based on three criteria: (1) amino acid composition identity, (2) amino acid sequence identity, and (3) specific immunoreactivity of glycosylated and deglycosylated LeAGP-1 with an antibody developed against the highly basic subdomain predicted from LeAGP-1 clones. The antibody was also used to immunolocalize LeAGP-1 in tomato to the cell surface of suspension-cultured cells, maturing metaxylem elements in young internodes and petioles, and stylar transmitting tissue cells. At the subcellular level, LeAGP-1 immunolocalized to the cell walls of these particular cells as well as to intercellular spaces between stylar transmitting tissue cells. LeAGP-1 now emerges as one of the most comprehensively studied AGPs in terms of (1) characterization at the genomic DNA, cDNA and protein levels, (2) known organ-specific and developmentally regulated mRNA expression patterns, (3) development of an antibody against a unique, peptide subdomain which specifically recognizes LeAGP-1 in its glycosylated and deglycosylated states, and (4) immunolocalization of a single, well-defined AGP molecule at the tissue and subcellular levels.

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