MIDGET connects COP1-dependent development with endoreduplication inArabidopsis thaliana

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Abstract

InArabidopsis thaliana, loss of CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) function leads to constitutive photomorphogenesis in the dark associated with inhibition of endoreduplication in the hypocotyl, and a post-germination growth arrest. MIDGET (MID), a component of the TOPOISOMERASE VI (TOPOVI) complex, is essential for endoreduplication and genome integrity inA. thaliana. Here we show that MID and COP1 interactin vitroandin vivothrough the amino terminus of COP1. We further demonstrate that MID supports sub-nuclear accumulation of COP1. The MID protein is not degraded in a COP1-dependent fashion in darkness, and the phenotypes of single and double mutants prove that MID is not a target of COP1 but rather a necessary factor for proper COP1 activity with respect to both, control of COP1-dependent morphogenesis and regulation of endoreduplication. Our data provide evidence for a functional connection between COP1 and the TOPOVI in plants linking COP1-dependent development with the regulation of endoreduplication.

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