Are IQ Scores Valid for Children Who Are Poor Readers?

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Abstract

Remedial services for children with reading problems are often allocated according to discrepancies between reading and IQ scores. Results of some recent research suggest, however, that IQ scores of poor readers do not covary with their levels of functioning in other cognitive domains. This study evaluated whether the external validity of IQ scores (from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Revised) was moderated by reading levels within 2 separate samples of referred children. We found that IQ scores had expected correlations with external measures of verbal, visual–spatial, short-term memory, and arithmetic ability, and that these relations were invariant across levels of reading skill.

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