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Anxiety is perhaps the common demoninator to all surgery. Whether surgery is emergency or elective, patients are anxious about their outcome. Anxiety can be detrimental to the surgical experience, producing a stress response. Nurses may need to spend a lot of time trying to reduce this anxiety by investigating methods to help anxious plastic surgical patients.For this research critique I have chosen a study by Victoria MeGreevy Steelman (1990) entitled “Intraoperative Music Therapy: Effects on Anxiety. Blood Pressure.” published in AORN Journal (volume 52. issue 5. pp. 1026–1034). This study involved the intraoperative use of music tapes and evaluating the effects on patient's anxiety and blood pressure.