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The sensitivity of foxtail millet (Setaria italica Beauv.)) dwarf mutants to GA was studied. Seedlings of dwarf mutants, Aininghuang (ANH)) and CH84113 were treated with GAs (GA1, GA4, GA9, GA19 and GA20)) using the micro-drop method, or by soaking in GA3 solution. Plants were also sprayed with GA3 solution at the jointing stage. It was found that ANH was a GA-responding dwarf mutant, whose leaf blade, leaf sheath and internode length increased significantly after GA application, whereas CH84113 was a non-GA-responding dwarf mutant. However, the mesocotyl in etiolated seedlings of both ANH and CH84113 responded to exogenous GA3 in a similar way. With the help of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, it was found that the endogenous GA1+3 level in leaves was lower in the GA-responding dwarf mutant ANH, but higher in the non-GA-responding dwarf mutant CH84113, compared with levels in normal cultivars.