Promotion by phloroglucinol of micropropagation of Minuartia valentina, an endangered and endemic Spanish plant

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Abstract

Tissue culture techniques for the propagation and conservation of endemic or threatened plants can be used to complement the methods usually applied in ex situ conservation. Thus, Minuartia valentina (Caryophyllaceae)), an endangered plant species endemic to the Valencia Community (Eastern Spain)), was successfully regenerated through shoot proliferation from wild plants growing in their natural area. Nodal segments, 10mm long, were cut from rametes of adult material, sterilised and established in vitro. Equally successful shoot multiplication was achieved on Murashige and Skoog (MS)) medium with 80 mg l−1 phloroglucinol in combination with either 1 mg l−1 6-benzylaminopurine or 1 mg l−1 kinetin. Excised shoots were rooted in MS medium supplemented with an auxin (indole acetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid, or napththalene acetic acid)). Shoots rooted well (96–100%)) within three weeks in all auxin treatments. However, the use of napththalene acetic acid was discarded because this auxin delayed root differentiation, and induced adventitious root malformation. Rooted plantlets were transferred to pots and 85% of them acclimatized successfully four weeks after transfer to greenhouse conditions, where they exhibited normal morphology and growth.

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