Components of quantitative resistance to powdery mildew (Erysiphe pisi) in pea (Pisum sativum)

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Abstract

Components of quantitative resistance in pea (Pisum sativum) toErysiphe pisi, the pathogen causing powdery mildew, were investigated. Conidium germination, infection efficiency, latent period and conidium production dynamics on cv. Quantum (quantitatively resistant) were compared with those on Pania and Bolero (susceptible). There was an additional comparison in conidium germination experiments with the resistant cv. Resal. Quantitative resistance in Quantum did not affect conidium germination, but infection efficiency of conidia on this cultivar was 34% less than on the susceptible Pania. More conidia germinated on 5-day-old leaflets than on 15-day-old leaflets but the age of the plant did not affect percentage germination or infection efficiency. The length of the latent period did not differ between cultivars. Total conidium production (AUC) per unit leaflet area on Quantum was 25% less than on Pania. The maximum conidium production per day (CMAX) per unit leaflet area on Quantum was 33% less than on Pania. The time to maximum conidium production per day (TMAX) was 10% longer on Quantum than on Pania. The cv. Bolero, reported to be susceptible, also showed some degree of quantitative resistance, but this differed from that of Quantum. Total conidium production was less on Bolero than on Quantum, but the conidia on Bolero were produced sooner, and for a shorter period, than on Quantum. The stability of these responses was tested by analysing components in three different temperature regimes and testing for interactions with temperature, and with leaflet age. Temperature affected all conidium production variables. AUC per leaflet area was nearly seven times as great and CMAX nearly 15 times greater at 23°C than at 13°C. TMAX increased by 1·5 times when temperature increased from 13°C to 18°C or 23°C. Several interactions occurred and these are described.

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