Reconciling apparent differences between the responses of humans and other animals to crowding

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It has been generally assumed that high density has negative effects on nonhuman animals. This assumption has appeared to be inconsistent with the findings of research involving human responses to density. The present article suggests that recent research by biologists and information gained through careful reading of earlier research indicate that this original assumption is incorrect. Research on nonhuman animals is reviewed to show that there is no discontinuity between humans and other animals. It is concluded that for both, high density is not necessarily harmful. Rather, the effect of high density depends on other factors in the situation. (23 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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