The dynamic theory of achievement motivation: From episodic to dynamic thinking

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Abstract

J. W. Atkinson and D. Birch's (1970) dynamic theory of action is discussed with regard to the theory of achievement motivation. On the basis of several additional assumptions that coordinate parameters of the dynamic theory to achievement-related antecedents, implications are derived that are in contrast to expectation derived from traditional episodic theories and that refer to shifts in risk taking when subjective probability of success has stabilized. In addition, the implications of the dynamic theory for the theory of fear of failure are discussed. Recent experimental results lend support to the dynamic theory and suggest a theoretical reorientation from episodic thinking to dynamic thinking. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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