Composite model for human performance in continuous noise

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In continuous noise, performance may improve initially because of an increase in arousal. If performance is disrupted by the masking of audible feedback or inner speech, the initial improvement in continuous noise may become a decrement, as arousal falls and no longer compensates for the masking. If the noise leaves a detrimental aftereffect, it may be due to a fall in arousal to below normal when the noise is first switched off. In tasks that involve inner speech, asymmetric negative transfer between continuous noise and quiet can be accounted for by the carryover, respectively, of articulatory and echoic rehearsal. (61 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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