Comments on Batchelder and Riefer's Multinomial Model for Source Monitoring

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Abstract

Judging not only whether a test item had been presented earlier but also its source (e.g., presented acoustically or visually, in red or green, in List 1 or List 2, and so on) is a form of recognition memory called source monitoring (or sometimes reality monitoring or list discrimination). There is a clear disparity between Batchelder and Riefer's (1990) model of source monitoring and a large body of data on recognition memory. Thus, despite the elaborate statistical techniques they developed for estimating parameters of their model, these estimates may not represent psychologically valid measures of source monitoring. It is suggested that models that are based on multidimensional statistical decision theory may be more appropriate.

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