Interactions between Glomus mosseae and arbuscular mycorrhizal sporocarp-associated saprophytic fungi

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Abstract

The saprophytic fungi Wardomyces inflatus (Marchal) Hennebert, Paecilomyces farinosus (Holm & Gray) A. H. S. Brown & G. Sm., Gliocladium roseum Bain., sterile dark mycelium (SDM-54), Trichoderma pseudokoningii Rifai and Trichoderma harzianum Rifai were isolated from sporocarps of Glomus mosseae. The effect of saprophytic fungi on G. mosseae spore germination was tested on water agar. Wardomyces inflatus decreased the percent germination of G. mosseae spores; G. roseum, T. pseudokoningii and T. harzianum had no effect on germination; and P. farinosus and SDM-54 increased the percentage of spore germination of G. mosseae after 4 d. Wardomyces inflatus significantly decreased hyphal length of spores which germinated, but no other saprophytic fungi affected hyphal growth. Trichoderma pseudokoningii, T. harzianum, P. farinosus and SDM-54 increased the number of auxiliary cells formed by G. mosseae. The effect of saprophytic fungi on arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of soybean was studied in a greenhouse trial. The percentage of soybean root length colonized was decreased by W. inflatus, unaffected by SDM-54 and T. harzianum, and increased by P. farinosus. Gliocladium roseum decreased root length colonized when plants were 12 wk old, and T. pseudokoningii increased colonization of roots when plants were 4 wk old. Antagonistic, synergistic and neutral actions of G. mosseae upon the saprophytic fungi were observed. The population of T. harzianum decreased and the populations of T. pseudokoningii and SDM-54 increased in the presence of G. mosseae. Our results indicate a complex interaction between G. mosseae and associated saprophytic fungi.

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