Evaluation of an Intervention Designed for Men Who Were Abused in Childhood and are Experiencing Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Abstract

This article presents an empirical evaluation of an open-trial intervention designed specifically for men who experienced childhood abuse (primarily sexual, but also physical and/or emotional). Clinical data are presented for 114 men who received treatment in a community-based, sequentially phased group therapy program in Ottawa, Canada between 2007 and 2011. The Men & Healing program (MH) is a theoretically driven treatment model with three phases (stabilization, processing and creation of a trauma narrative, and reintegration). It includes a focus on evidence-based gender-specific issues, including an understanding of the impact of abuse on males in the context of traditional gender socialization. At baseline, participants were administered a semistructured interview, and completed the BDI−II and the Impact of Events Scale–Revised (IES−R). Participants then completed the BDI−II and the IES−R at 10-week intervals throughout the program. Symptom trajectories were analyzed using Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM). Results showed significant improvements in posttraumatic and depression symptoms over the course of the MH program. Twenty to 38% of participants exhibited reliable improvement on symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress.

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