A Test of the Mediating Role of Gender Role Conflict: Latino Masculinities and Help-Seeking Attitudes

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Restrictive emotionality and restrictive affectionate behavior between men, 2 components of male gender role conflict (O'Neil, Helms, Gable, David, & Wrightsman, 1986) were studied to understand their mediating role in the association between 2 Latino masculinity ideologies (i.e., machismo and caballerismo) and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help. Four separate path analyses (Mplus, V 7.11, Muthén & Muthén, 1998–2013) were used to test for the hypothesized indirect effects. Results did not indicate support for any of the 4 hypothesized indirect effects with a community-based sample of 202 adult Latino men. However, significant associations between machismo, age, and help-seeking attitudes were found. Implications of these findings as well as recommendations for future research are discussed.

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