Early 2016 saw the first international Workshop on Auditory Neuroscience, Cognition and Modeling, hosted by Queen Mary University of London. The workshop aimed to bring together cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and computer scientists working on sound, music, and speech processing. Engendering broad interest, 96 participants from a wide range of backgrounds attended for a day of talks, poster presentations, and lively discussion. This report provides an overview of the event, summarizing the 3 keynote talks, and highlighting the major themes from the oral presentation and poster sessions. A summary is provided in closing, touching upon main outcomes and considerations for future research within this alignment of fields.