Metabolic syndrome and antipsychotic medications are associated with inflammation. This study investigated the relationship between inflammation and metabolic syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. It also examined the effects of paliperidone extended release (ER) treatment on metabolic parameters.Methods
Data were analyzed from schizophrenic patients who participated in a multi-center, open-label, non-comparative clinical trial. Anthropomorphic measurements (i.e., weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure) were assessed along with fasting laboratory values, including white blood cell (WBC) count, glucose, high-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides.Results
Among the 225 patients at baseline, the group with the highest WBC count displayed a 5.9-fold risk for metabolic syndrome compared with that of the lowest group. An increase of 103 WBCs/μL was associated with a 1.4-fold increased risk for metabolic syndrome. After 24 weeks of treatment with paliperidone ER, significant increases were observed in waist circumference and body weight. Changes in WBC count were positively correlated with changes in waist circumference.Conclusions
Schizophrenic patients with high levels of inflammation should be carefully monitored for metabolic syndrome. Moreover, strategies to reduce inflammation and obesity may prevent metabolic syndrome in patients with schizophrenia who take atypical antipsychotic medication.