Psychotherapy for PTSD: An evidence-based guide to a theranostic approach to treatment

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often a clinically complex disorder, frequently presenting with comorbid clinical conditions. Individuals with PTSD may also present with high-risk symptoms such as substance misuse and suicidal ideation. The clinical complexity of PTSD has precluded some clinicians from providing gold-standard trauma-focused treatment due to concern of iatrogenic effects. However, evidence to date suggests that trauma-focused treatments are safe and effective for PTSD even when higher-risk comorbidity presents. Occasionally, while some patients present with clinical concerns that may benefit from modifications to standard recommended treatment protocols, research suggests there are few absolute contraindications to trauma-focused treatment. The present manuscript provides a review of evidence-based assessment and treatment recommendations for PTSD. A clinical decision-making guide for PTSD across areas of clinical complexity is provided.

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