Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analysis

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This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on the mental and physical health status of various cancer patients.


Ten studies (randomized-controlled trials and observational studies) were found to be eligible for meta-analysis. Individual study results were categorized into mental and physical variables and Cohen's effect sizedwas computed for each category.


MBSR may indeed be helpful for the mental health of cancer patients (Cohen's effect sized=0.48); however, more research is needed to show convincing evidence of the effect on physical health (Cohen's effect sized=0.18).


The results suggest that MBSR may improve cancer patients' psychosocial adjustment to their disease. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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