Characterization ofOrnithobacterium rhinotrachealefrom commercial layer chickens in eastern Japan

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From a total of 72 commercial layer and pullet farms that were monitored in the eastern Japan area, 4 farms had mild to severe respiratory disease accompanied by decreased feed intake and drop in egg production. Microbiological analysis showed that 3 of the 4 farms, particularly from Fukushima, Tochigi, and Ibaraki prefectures, were positive for Ornithobacterum rhinotracheale (ORT). Out of 65 birds examined, ORT was isolated in 21 birds (32.31%). All isolates were Gram-negative pleomorphic rods with a colony size of 0.05 mm, translucent with grayish coloration, and with butyric smell after 48 h of incubation in 10% chicken blood agar at 37°C under microaerophilic conditions. All isolates reacted positively in the p-nitrophenyl-β-d-galactopyranoside test within 3 h and were positive in cytochrome oxidase tests with an API 20NE identification system biocode of 0-0-2-0-0-0-4. An agar gel precipitation test showed that all isolates were serotype-A. All strains were positive in PCR by yielding a 784 bp amplicon of the 16S rRNA gene. All strains were resistant to amikacin, colistin, gentamicin, kanamycin, neomycin, polymyxin b, streptomycin, and sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim and susceptible to amoxicillin clavulanic acid, ampicillin, doxycycline, spectinomycin, and tetracycline. This study is the first characterization of ORT from commercial layer chickens in eastern Japan.

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