The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability of Campylobacter spp. in frozen and chilled broiler carcasses using real-time PCR with propidium monoazide (PMA) pretreatment. Sixty broiler carcasses were collected: 30 frozen and 30 chilled. Each carcass was submitted to 2 real-time PCR protocols to detect and quantify Campylobacter spp.: one using pretreatment with PMA, which blocks the amplification of DNA from dead bacteria, and the other without PMA. The results showed that PMA-pretreated carcasses, either frozen or chilled, had a lower positivity rate compared to untreated samples (P < 0.001). Regarding storage temperatures, PMA-pretreated frozen carcasses that tested positive were in a lesser number than chilled carcasses (P < 0.05). However, the quantification of total and live bacteria in PMA-pretreated frozen carcasses that tested positive showed no significant difference compared to chilled carcasses. It was concluded that the real-time PCR with PMA pretreatment was a sensitive method for evaluating the viability of Campylobacter spp. in broiler carcasses. Chilled broiler carcasses would represent greater hazard to public health concerning Campylobacter transmission.